What are the Common types of anemia?

Anemia, an often overlooked condition, is a silent health threat affecting millions of people worldwide. It occurs when the body lacks enough healthy red blood cells or hemoglobin, the part of red blood cells that binds oxygen. This deficiency means the body isn’t getting the amount of oxygen it needs, leading to symptoms like fatigue, weakness, and shortness of breath.

Understanding anemia is crucial as it affects energy levels and overall well-being and can also be a sign of serious underlying conditions. There are several types of anemia, each with different causes and treatments. 

Learning about these types can help us better understand how to prevent and manage this common but often overlooked condition. 

Understanding Anemia

Anemia is a medical condition characterised by a lower-than-normal number of red blood cells or a lack of sufficient hemoglobin in the red blood cells. Hemoglobin is a protein that allows red blood cells to carry oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body and exhale carbon dioxide from other body parts to the lungs.

Red blood cells, also known as erythrocytes, play a vital role in our body. They are responsible for transporting oxygen-rich blood from the lungs to all the body’s tissues. Then, they return with carbon dioxide, which is expelled from the body. Hemoglobin in these cells binds to oxygen in the lungs and releases it in necessary tissues.

Symptoms of anemia can vary depending on its severity and the speed at which it develops. 

Common symptoms include: 

  • fatigue
  • weakness
  • pale or yellowish skin
  • irregular heartbeats
  • shortness of breath
  • dizziness
  • cold hands and feet
  • headaches

If left untreated, anemia can lead to serious complications. It can cause severe fatigue that affects the ability to perform everyday activities. In severe cases, anemia can lead to heart problems such as an enlarged heart or heart failure, as the heart must work harder to pump more blood to compensate for the lack of oxygen in the blood.

Common Types of Anemia

Anemia is not a one-size-fits-all condition. There are several types, each with its own causes and treatments. Let’s delve into the details:

Iron deficiency anemia

This is the most common type of anemia worldwide. It occurs when your body doesn’t have enough iron to produce hemoglobin. Iron is essential for hemoglobin production; without it, the body can’t produce enough red blood cells. 

This type of anemia can be caused by a diet low in iron, poor body absorption of iron, or blood loss due to menstruation or injury.

Vitamin deficiency anemia

Also known as megaloblastic anemia, this type occurs when the body doesn’t have enough of the vitamins needed to produce adequate red blood cells. These include vitamin B12 and folate. A diet lacking these and other key nutrients can decrease red blood cell production. 

Additionally, some people may consume enough B12, but their bodies aren’t able to process the vitamin, leading to this form of anemia.

Aplastic anemia

This rare but extremely serious form of anemia occurs when the body’s bone marrow doesn’t produce enough new blood cells. Aplastic anemia can occur at any age and may be caused by exposure to certain chemicals or drugs, autoimmune diseases, or infections, or it may be inherited.

Hemolytic anemia

This group of anemias develops when red blood cells are destroyed faster than the bone marrow can replace them. This can occur due to various conditions, including certain blood diseases, autoimmune disorders, certain infections, or reactions to blood transfusions.

Sickle Cell Anemia

This is a severe hereditary form of anemia in which a mutated form of hemoglobin distorts the red blood cells into a crescent shape at low oxygen levels. It is most common among those of African descent.

Anemia of inflammation

Also known as anemia of chronic disease, this type of anemia occurs in people with diseases that involve inflammation, such as cancer, HIV/AIDS, rheumatoid arthritis, Crohn’s disease, and other chronic illnesses.

Anemias linked to bone marrow disease

Certain diseases, such as leukemia or myelofibrosis, can cause anemia by affecting blood production in the bone marrow. The effects of these types of cancer and cancer-like disorders vary from mild to life-threatening.

Each type of anemia has specific treatments and prevention strategies, ranging from dietary changes and supplements to medications and procedures. If you suspect you have anemia, getting a proper diagnosis from a GP centre is important to determine the type and appropriate treatment.

Iron Infusion treatment

Iron deficiency anemia is when the body lacks iron, leading to fatigue and shortness of breath. In such cases, iron infusions deliver iron directly into the bloodstream, bypassing absorption issues.

This treatment effectively boosts iron levels and hemoglobin production, improving symptoms quickly. While generally safe, iron infusions may cause side effects like nausea or headaches. Discuss these and the underlying cause of your anemia with your doctor to determine the best course of action.

Finding Iron Infusion Services

Choosing the right medical centre for iron infusion is crucial. The quality of care, the expertise of the medical staff, and the centre’s track record in treating anemia can significantly impact the success of your treatment.

One such centre that stands out is the Capstone Medical Centre. Known for its comprehensive healthcare services, Capstone Medical Centre has a team of skilled healthcare professionals who are well-versed in diagnosing and treating various types of anemia, including iron-deficiency anemia. They offer iron infusion services, ensuring patients receive the best care possible.

If you’re in Southbank and looking for “Iron infusion near me,” Capstone Medical Centre could be a great option. You should also consult with your primary healthcare provider for recommendations.

Cost of Iron Infusion

The cost of iron infusion can vary widely depending on several factors. These include the specific medical centre, the number of infusions needed, and the type of iron used. For more details about the cost of iron infusion at Capstone Medical Centre, please check our Fee Page.


Anemia, a common but often overlooked condition, can seriously impact one’s health and quality of life. Understanding the different types of anemia, as well as their causes, symptoms, and treatments, is crucial for early detection and effective management. Iron infusion, a treatment option for iron deficiency anemia, can be a game-changer for those who struggle with traditional oral supplements. 

While the cost of iron infusion can vary, many insurance plans offer coverage. Choosing the right medical centre, such as Capstone Medical Centre, is key to receiving quality care. Always consult with a GP for personalised advice and treatment options. 


  • Mayo Clinic. Anemia – Symptoms and causes. Retrieved from Mayo Clinic website.
  • National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Types of Anemia. Retrieved from NHLBI website.
  • American Society of Hematology. Anemia. Retrieved from ASH website.
  • Healthline. Iron-Deficiency Anemia. Retrieved from Healthline website.

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