8 Common Sexually transmitted infections (STIs)

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are a critical aspect of public health that often goes unnoticed. These infections, passed from one person to another through sexual contact, can lead to severe health complications if left undiagnosed and untreated. 

The importance of STI awareness and regular testing cannot be overstated. They are the first step towards prevention and are crucial in maintaining overall health.

What are Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs)?

Have you ever heard the terms “STD” or “venereal disease”? These are older terms for what we now call sexually transmitted infections (STIs).

STIs are infections that spread from person to person through sexual contact. This can include vaginal, anal, or oral sex. In some cases, STIs can also be transmitted through sharing needles or other drug injection equipment.

While many STIs have no symptoms, it’s important to be aware of them and get tested regularly to protect your health and the health of your partners.

8 Common STIs: Unveiling the Silent Threats

While sexual intimacy can be a beautiful expression of connection, it’s important to be aware of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Here’s a breakdown of 8 common STIs that empower you to prioritize your well-being:

1. Chlamydia

This sneaky bacteria often shows no symptoms, making testing crucial. However, some may experience unusual vaginal discharge, burning during urination, or pelvic pain. Left untreated, it can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and infertility. Testing involves a urine sample or swab. Antibiotics effectively treat chlamydia.

Might be interested in: What are Chlamydia Symptoms in Women?

2. Gonorrhea

 Another bacterial culprit, gonorrhea, can cause burning urination, pelvic pain, and unusual discharge. In men, it may also affect the testicles. Untreated gonorrhea can cause PID, ectopic pregnancy, and infertility. Diagnosis comes through urine, swab, or throat culture tests. Antibiotics are the first line of defence.

3. Human Papillomavirus (HPV) 

This highly common virus has different strains, some causing genital warts (soft, painless bumps) and others linked to cervical cancer. HPV often presents no symptoms. Routine Pap smears screen for cervical cancer risk. Certain strains have vaccines available for prevention. Treatment for genital warts may involve topical medications or removal procedures.

4. Trichomoniasis

Caused by a parasite, trichomoniasis can trigger an itchy, burning sensation in the genitals and abnormal, often frothy discharge. Men may experience burning during urination. Untreated, it can increase the risk of HIV transmission. Testing involves a urine sample or vaginal swab. Medication effectively treats trichomoniasis.

5. Bacterial Vaginosis (BV) 

This imbalance of vaginal bacteria doesn’t necessarily transmit through sex but can disrupt the natural vaginal environment. While some women experience no symptoms, others may have a fishy odour or thin, grey discharge. BV doesn’t cause serious health problems but can increase susceptibility to other STIs. Testing involves a vaginal swab. Treatment involves antibiotics or probiotics.

6. Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) 

This virus causes outbreaks of painful blisters or sores around the genitals, mouth, or rectum. While outbreaks heal, the virus remains dormant in the body. There’s no cure, but antiviral medications can manage outbreaks and reduce transmission risk. Testing involves a swab of a sore or a blood test.

7. Hepatitis B 

This virus affects the liver and can lead to serious complications like cirrhosis or liver cancer. Symptoms may include fatigue, nausea, dark urine, and jaundice (yellowing of skin and eyes). Vaccination offers excellent protection. Testing involves a blood test. Treatment options include antiviral medications.

8. HIV 

The human immunodeficiency virus attacks the body’s immune system, eventually leading to AIDS. Early symptoms may be flu-like and often go unnoticed. As the virus progresses, the immune system weakens, making individuals susceptible to various infections. There’s no cure, but highly effective medications can suppress the virus and allow people with HIV to live long healthy lives. Testing involves a blood test.

Importance of STI Testing

Just because an STI might not have any symptoms doesn’t mean it’s not there. Many STIs are asymptomatic, meaning they cause zero symptoms. This is why regular testing, even when you feel perfectly healthy, is absolutely essential.

Early detection is key! Catching an STI early allows for prompt treatment, minimizing complications, and protecting your future health. It also prevents you from unknowingly spreading the infection to your partners.

At Capstone Medical Centre (we cater to both men’s health and women’s health), we understand the importance of discreet and comfortable STI testing. Our Southbank centre offers a welcoming environment where you can prioritize your sexual well-being with confidence. Don’t let STIs become a silent threat in your life – schedule your confidential test today!

Top Tips for STI Prevention

Knowledge is empowering, but sometimes, a little extra protection goes a long way. Here’s how to significantly reduce your risk of contracting STIs:

  • Embrace Safe Sex Practices: Condoms and dental dams are your best friends when it comes to barrier protection. Consistent and proper use of these shields minimizes the risk of STI transmission during vaginal, anal, or oral sex.
  • Know Your Partner’s Status: Open communication with your partner(s) about sexual history and STI testing is crucial. Consider getting tested together for peace of mind.
  • Be Monogamous or Limit Partners: While not always feasible, maintaining a monogamous relationship or limiting your number of sexual partners can lower your STI risk.
  • Get Vaccinated: Certain vaccines, like HPV and Hepatitis B, offer excellent protection against specific STIs.

Prevention is always better than cure. By incorporating these practices into your sexual health routine, you’re taking charge of your well-being and fostering a healthy, fulfilling sexual life.

When to See a Doctor?

If you experience any unusual symptoms “down there,” including itching, burning, discharge, or sores, don’t hesitate to seek medical attention. 

STIs may be common, but they don’t have to be a source of fear or anxiety. By arming yourself with information and prioritizing regular testing, you’re taking control of your sexual health and well-being.

Early detection is key to prevention. Schedule a confidential STI test at Capstone Medical Centre in Southbank and take charge of your sexual health today!

We offer a welcoming and professional environment for both men and women, ensuring a comfortable and informative experience.

 Let’s break the silence surrounding STIs and embrace a future of open communication, responsible sexual practices, and empowered well-being.


  • womenshealth.gov/a-z-topics/sexually-transmitted-infections
  • cdc.gov/sti/about/index.html
  • who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/sexually-transmitted-infections-%28stis%29

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